|Posted on January 26, 2019 at 11:15 PM|
There are several ways to raise capital for your cannabis business using exemptions using JOBS Act exemptions Reg CF, Regulation A+, Regulation D, or Regulation S.
1. Regulation Crowdfunding (Reg CF)
Think Kickstarter with equity (or debt) being offered.
Reg CF or Regulation Crowdfunding is relatively new and makes it legal for private placements to be marketed to non-accredited investors. Securities purchased under the Reg CF exemption cannot be resold within a year. Only $1,070,000 can be raised each year. You will need to file an annual report with financial statements. If you neglect to do so, you will be unable to fund-raise with Reg CF again until you file the missing annual report. You may concurrently raise funds from accredited investors using a Regulation D exemption.
2. Rule 506(b or Rule 506(c under Regulation D
Rule 506 is the easiest and most-used exemption. There is no limit to the amount you can raise under either 506 (b or 506 (c. Under the Rule 506(c exemption, general solicitation and advertising are permitted. Only accredited investors may invest. Under Rule 506(b, 35 investors may be non-accredited, but no general solicitation is permitted. This exemption is often used with the friends-and-family-round of capital raise or first capital stack.
3. Regulation S is a relatively new but popular option. You can sell securities offshore without regard to the sophistication or number of purchasers in the offering or the size of the offering. You can raise as much as you want from an unlimited number of people. The regulatory environment is far less burdensome than with Regulation D offerings. Regulation S selling efforts from the U.S. are permitted if the efforts are directed abroad. You can sell securities offshore without regard to the sophistication or number of purchasers in the offering or the size of the offering.
You can raise as much as you want from an unlimited number of people. Unlike Rules 506(b and 506(c of Regulation D, Regulation S does not have specific information requirements.
An issuer who makes a Regulation S offering online may do so without jeopardizing its exemption by including prominent statements on its website saying that the offer is directed only outside the U.S. A Private Placement Memorandum is not required for a Regulation S offering, but steps must be taken so that foreign investors understand the structure, principals, and risks associated with the offering. A Regulation S offering may be conducted concurrently with a Regulation D offering to U.S. accredited investors without the offerings being deemed integrated. S
Securities sold under Regulation S are subject to re-sale restrictions. The nature of the restrictions depends on whether the issuer is foreign or domestic; whether the issuer is a public company; the types of securities being sold; and whether there is a “substantial U.S. market interest.” The securities being sold must contain a legend stating that the securities may not be resold to US investors for a restricted period of time.
4. Regulation A+
Regulation A+ is designed for companies who want to raise more funds publicly, but don’t want to do a full-blown IPO. You can raise up to $50 million per year. Importantly, you can advertise your cannabis fundraising while you “test the waters” and solicit investors before filing with the SEC.
It can be expensive. Before you can start fundraising with a Reg A+ you need to pre-file an offering placement memorandum (OPM) with the SEC. An OPM is like a business plan wrapped with a whole bunch of legal disclaimers, and can cost serious legal fees. We (Private Placement Advisors LLC) advise issuers to schedule 30 days to compile the required documents; 21 days to complete and submit the forms; and then up to 45 days to get SEC approval. 5. Cannabis Funding Platforms Platforms friendly to cannabis are said to be around the corner. This will be easier than going it alone but you may end up paying the platform 7%-8% of what you raise.
Questions? Contact [email protected]